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The Indonesian Military Response to Reform in Democratic Transition: a Comparative Analysis of Three Civilian Regimes 1998-2004



It was the objective of this study, to explore the relationship between the reform performance of Indonesia's civilian regimes in the security sector and the military's response to these reforms. The period of investigation spanned the entire process of democratic transition from resignation of President Soeharto and the collapse of his authoritarian New Order regime in May 1998 to the end of the presidency of Megawati Soekarnoputri in October 2004. With the subsequent presidency of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Indonesia entered a period of political consolidation. By that time, a lengthy process of constitutional change had come to an end and ushered in a new presidential political system which has been rated by Freedom House and other democracy indices as the most democratic in Southeast Asia. Yet, the preceding analysis has shown that democratic that democratic consolidation is incomplete. By the end of the transition process the military as the former authoritarian regime's major pillar had regrouped and rescued many of its erstwhile privileges and reserved domains into the Era Reformasi.
This thesis has examined the reasons why military reform in Indonesia was only partial and why military influence resurged in the post-Soeharto years. It departed from the theoretical transition literature, combining actor-oriented, structural and cultural perspectives. Empirically the study rests on extensive interviews, newspaper analysis, internet research and analysis of websites, publicly accessible documents, statistics and scientific literature. The study explored for each of the three transitional civilian presidencies between 1998 and 2004 (Habibie, Abdurrahman Wahid and Megawati Soekarnoputri) military responses to civilian reform overtures in areas such as prosecution of human rights violations by the military, the investigation of corruption cases (KKN-Kolusi, Korupsi, Nepotisme) involving the former President Soeharto and his cronies, separatism and Islamic radicalism.


Ketersediaan

8552INA I.20 Nainggolan/2012Perpustakaan Komnas HAMTersedia
8553INA I.20 Nainggolan/2012Perpustakaan Komnas HAMTersedia

Detail Information

Judul Seri
-
No. Panggil
INA I.20 Nainggolan/2012
Penerbit P3DI Setjen DPR Republik Indonesia dan Azza Grafika : Jakarta.,
Deskripsi Fisik
xxvii, 378 pages; 24 x 17 cm.
Bahasa
English
ISBN/ISSN
9789799052728
Klasifikasi
INA I.20
Content Type
text

Other version/related

No other version available




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